Zone NATURA 2000

NAME: GULF OF GERA–NTIPI MARSH–OLYMPUS MOUNTAINOUS RANGE
CODE: GR 4110005 
SIZE OF THE AREA: 854,000 SQM

The Gulf of Gera is situated at the southeastern part of Lesvos, along the coastline where there are small salty marshes or foreshores (Dipi – Larsos – Evriaki – Charamida). At the western side there is Mount Olympus (968m) covered mainly by chestnut and pine forests except for its bare limestone peak. 

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RARE KINDS OF HABITATS
Sand-banks covered by shallow sea water, underwater areas and sea bottom covered by Neptunian fields, muddy and sandy flat areas revealed at ebb tide. Shallow bays and bights, reefs, Mediterranean foreshores covered by rush, Mediterranean and thermo Atlantic thickets, mountainous Mediterranean land covered with thorny bushes, forests with hard leaved trees, white beam trees and Holm oaks used for pasturing, riparian forests, olive groves, chestnut forests, galleries with oleanders and thrifts, coniferous forests with black pines and indigenous Mediterranean pine trees.

RARE AND PROTECTED PLANTS
Lesvos Alyssos, Bucephalus eyebrow, Comberia, Elves’ Snowdrop, Olympus green tea, rare species of orchids, Male Peony.

RARE ANIMALS
Blacius’ Rhynolofos, Micromyotis, Largemyotis, striped turtle, turtle with spots, house snake, sea crow, reed hawk, flamingos.

PROBLEMS
Poaching, building constructions, pollution. 

EVERGETOULAS VALLEY
Evergetoulas valley is one of the most fertile lands on Lesvos. It is covered with olive groves, fruit orchards, walnut groves and gardens. There are traditional fountains, springs, and small or big torrents. It is a true paradise for naturalists. There are various Byzantine and post-Byzantine monuments scattered in the valley and the surrounding settlements. 
In the South at Dipi site there is one of the biggest torrents of Lesvos. Its name is Evergetoulas which means benefactor. It springs from the slopes of Mount Olympus, flows through Enthrono and Keramia, confluences with Agioi Anargyri and Karini torrents flowing into the hydro habitat of Larsos-Dipi. The municipality of Evergetoulas was named after it. 

(From Prokopis Maistrellis speach, teacher at the Center of Envinromental Studies, at the 4th Festival of Chestnut of the Municipality of Agiasos)